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Taiwan is known for its natural beauty and delicious cuisine. Tourist destination include Taroko National Park, Jiufen, hot springs, and Taipei Palace Museum.
Taiwan was named Formosa (beautiful island) by the Portuguese; the first Europeans to pay the island a visit, in 1590.
Following most of Chinese mainland's occupation by Communist armies, General Chiang Kai-shek moved the Nationalist government of China's headquarters to T'ai-pei, on December 8, 1949.
During the 1950s, the United States vowed to take military action against the Chinese mainland if Communist forces attacked Taiwan or the Pescadores.
With extended financial and military aid from the US, during the early 1960s, Taiwan was able to build its economy.
The mainlanders who had taken refuge in 1949 continued to dominate the political stage, but Taiwan was becoming isolated as countries sought to strengthen ties with the larger market in mainland China.
Neither of the Chinese governments would have formal relations with any nation recognising the other.
The Democratic Progressive party (DPP) continue to campaign for Taiwan's independence from mainland China, while Beijing threatens military action if this ever happens.
The People's Republic of China claim Taiwan as one of its provinces and some native Taiwanese resent the claims.
Posturing and flexing of navy muscle is not uncommon in the South China Sea.
From the island's tallest building to its tallest peak, Taiwan has something exceptional to offer every kind of traveller.
Taiwan was a brief stop en-route from Seoul to Hong Kong. They found it amusing that I was heading for China. tnot.es/Ch3— Michel Travel Notes� (@TravelTweet) February 27, 2013
You can also call it T'ai-pei or Taibei; whatever, it's the provisional capital of the Republic of China, or Taiwan.
Located on the Tanshui River, near the north coast of Taiwan, you will fly into T'aoyuan International Airport.
Immigrants from mainland China's Fujian Province first settled here in the 18th century, but not a lot was happening.
The Japanese brought sushi to the island between 1895 and 1945, until they surrendered the island to China after World War II.
Hotels in Taipei.
Among all the neon light, there are some Buddhist shrines of interest in Taipei.
The Memorial Hall to Chiang Kai-Shek is a large white marble structure with an enormous blue-tiled roof, surrounded by an impressive garden.
The National Palace Museum contains Chinese art treasures from the 2nd millennium BC to the 20th century, and the Hwa Kang Museum has displays of folk and modern Chinese art.
The Chinese pirate, Koxinga, made the city his capital due to its convenient position on the south-west of the island.
It remained the capital of the island until 1885, when the government was transferred to T'ai-pei.
No 133 Ta Ying Tsun Hsin Shin.
This European-style hotel, built around a field of beautiful landscaped gardens, is a tranquil, comfortable and well-equipped establishment with Internet service in every room.
Language and Culture
The official language of Taiwan is Mandarin, although other Chinese dialects are also spoken.
The Taiwanese are mostly descendants of the Chinese who emigrated from Fujian and Guangdong provinces during the 18th and 19th centuries.
The Taiwanese celebrate many ancient Chinese customs and holidays, especially the Dragon Boat Festival, the Mid-Autumn Festival, and the Feast of Lanterns.
Taiwan Travel Guides
Weather in Asia:
Local weather forecasts for destinations around Asia.
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