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Nauru is a small island nation located in Micronesia; a raised atoll in the Central Pacific.
Expect the North-east trade winds from March to October, and plenty of rain from December to March.
Nauru is the world's third-smallest country by land area; covering only about 21 square kilometres.
The country consists of a single island surrounded by a coral reef.
You wouldn't think that many people live on such a small island.
Almost half of the ten thousand population are outsiders and their nearest neighbour is Banaba Island, in the Republic of Kiribati; 300 km due east.
Nauru receives aid from the Australian government and in exchange Nauru holds and processes asylum seekers trying to enter Australia at an offshore detention centre.
Nauruan culture is influenced by its Pacific Island heritage, particularly the Micronesian and Polynesian traditions.
The people of Nauru have a strong sense of community and a rich oral storytelling tradition.
Music, dance, and sports, such as Australian Rules football and weightlifting, are popular forms of entertainment.
Nauru has faced significant economic challenges due to the depletion of its phosphate reserves.
The country used to be one of the wealthiest nations per capita due to the lucrative phosphate industry, but mismanagement of funds and a decline in phosphate reserves led to economic difficulties.
Nauru has made efforts to diversify its economy, including establishing offshore banking and engaging in regional investments.
Today, the country relies on international aid and income from the Nauru Regional Processing Centre, which houses asylum seekers for the Australian government.
Nauru faces several environmental challenges, including soil erosion, limited fresh water resources, and the impact of climate change.
Rising sea levels pose a significant threat to the island, as it is only a few meters above sea level in some areas.
The government has been working with international organisations to address these issues and promote sustainability.
Nauru is situated north-east of Australia, approximately 3,500 kilometres from Brisbane.
The island is notable for its phosphate deposits, which were formed from bird droppings (guano) and have been extensively mined.
Nauru's terrain is characterised by a central plateau with a fertile coastal strip and a coral reef that surrounds the entire island.
Nauru is a parliamentary republic with an unicameral legislature.
The President of Nauru is both the head of state and the head of government.
The country operates within a multi-party system, and political parties play a role in the governance of the nation.
Nauru was originally inhabited by Micronesian and Polynesian people and was annexed by Germany in the late 19th century.
After World War I, the League of Nations granted a mandate to Australia, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom to administer the island; with Australia assuming full control in 1920.
During World War II, Nauru was occupied by Japan.
It later gained independence from Australia in 1968.
Nauru had an estimated population of around 10,900 people in September, 2021.
Nauruans are the indigenous people of the island, and the official languages are Nauruan and English.
The majority of the population follows Christianity.
If Nauru had a capital, it would probably be Yaren District; where the Parliament House is located.
Nauru is not a popular tourist destination, due to its remoteness and limited infrastructure for tourism.
However, the country offers unique attractions such as the Anibare Bay, Buada Lagoon, and the Nauru Museum; which provides insights into the country's history and culture.
Anibare Bay is a picturesque beach located on the eastern coast of Nauru.
It is known for its beautiful sandy shores and crystal-clear waters.
The Central Plateau is a raised coral limestone plateau that covers a significant portion of Nauru's interior.
It offers stunning panoramic views of the island and is home to various endemic plant species.
The Japanese Guns are remnants of World War II and serve as a reminder of Nauru's wartime history.
These coastal defense guns were installed by the Japanese during their occupation of the island.
The Nauru Government House is the official residence of the President of Nauru.
While it may not be open to the public, it is still worth visiting to admire its architectural beauty.
The Parliament House is where the legislative body of Nauru convenes.
It is an important political institution and a symbol of Nauru's democracy.
If you plan to visit Nauru, it is essential to check the visa requirements well in advance.
As visa policies can change, it's best to consult with the nearest Nauruan embassy or consulate for the most up-to-date information.
There are a few hotel options on Nauru.
The Menen Hotel has a beachside location facing Anibare Bay (the best spot for swimming on Nauru) and the Od'n Aiwo is located in Aiwo, close to the airport.
The EWA Lodge is a popular choice in Ronave, on Nauru's north coast. If it's full, you could also try the Budapest Hotel, in nearby Anabar.
Air Nauru, now known as Our Airline, flies from Brisbane on a round trip twice weekly.
They have an airline office at Level 3, 99 Creek Street, Brisbane.
There are also sales representatives in Honiara, Los Angeles, Majuro, Suva, Sydney and Tarawa. The Nauru office is in the Civic Centre, but you'll probably know that once you fly in to Nauru.
Discover excellent deep sea fishing, scuba dive amazing ocean depths, take a tour of the island’s phosphate mines or simply experience a holiday in a world far from your own.
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