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Travel Notes: Travel in General: Maps: Countries: Iran

Iran Travel Notes -- Much of the country is rugged terrain, subject to severe earthquake activity, while central Iran is predominately desert. Find out more about Iran @ Travel Notes.

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Hotels in Iran, Iranian Cities, Iranian Culture, Iranian Regions, Iranian Tourism, Iranian Tours, Iranian News, Islamic Iran.

Travel to Iran.

Map of Iran

Map of Iran.

The capital of Iran is Tehran.

Iran Maps.

Iran Flag

Flag of Iran

The flag of Iran is three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and red; the national emblem (a stylized representation of the word Allah in the shape of a tulip, a symbol of martyrdom) in red is centred in the white band.

Allah Akbar (God is Great) - in white Arabic script - is repeated 11 times along the bottom edge of the green band and 11 times along the top edge of the red band.

Iran - Background Information

Known as Persia until 1935, Iran became an Islamic republic in 1979; after the ruling monarchy was overthrown and the shah was forced into exile.

Conservative clerical forces established a theocratic system of government with ultimate political authority vested in a learned religious scholar, referred to commonly as the Supreme Leader; who, according to the constitution, is accountable only to the Assembly of Experts.

Iranian-US relations have been strained since a group of Iranian students seized the US Embassy in Tehran on 4th November, 1979 and held it until 20th January, 1981.

During 1980-88, Iran fought a bloody, indecisive war with Iraq that eventually expanded into the Persian Gulf and led to clashes between US Navy and Iranian military forces, between 1987 and 1988.

Iran has been designated a state sponsor of terrorism for its activities in Lebanon and elsewhere in the world and remains subject to US economic sanctions and export controls because of its continued involvement.

Following the election of the reformist Hojjat ol-Eslam Mohammad Khatami as president, in 1997, and similarly a reformist Majles (parliament), in 2000, a campaign to foster political reform in response to popular dissatisfaction was initiated.

The movement floundered as conservative politicians prevented reform measures from being enacted, increased repressive measures, and made electoral gains against reformers.

Starting with nationwide municipal elections in 2003 and continuing through Majles elections in 2004, conservatives re-established control over Iran's elected government institutions, which culminated with the August 2005 inauguration of an ultra-conservative layman as president.


Middle East - bordering the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea; between Iraq and Pakistan.

Administrative Divisions

30 provinces:
(ostanha, singular - ostan)

Ardabil; Azarbayjan-e Gharbi; Azarbayjan-e Sharqi; Bushehr; Chahar Mahall va Bakhtiari; Esfahan; Fars; Gilan; Golestan; Hamadan; Hormozgan; Ilam; Kerman; Kermanshah; Khorasan-e Janubi; Khorasan-e Razavi; Khorasan-e Shemali; Khuzestan; Kohgiluyeh va Buyer Ahmad; Kordestan; Lorestan; Markazi; Mazandaran; Qazvin; Qom; Semnan; Sistan va Baluchestan; Tehran; Yazd; Zanjan.


1st April, 1979 (Islamic Republic of Iran proclaimed).

National Holiday

Republic Day: 1st April.

Iran Travel Notes

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