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Ilha do Ibo, Mozambique
Ilha do Ibo, Mozambique by Dimitry B on Unsplash.

Travel Notes: Africa - Mozambique Travel Notes.

Mozambique Travel Notes

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Mozambique Travel and Tourism on Travel Notes


From the vibrant streets of Maputo to the pristine islands of the Bazaruto Archipelago, uncover the treasures of Mozambique for a unique travel experience.

About Mozambique

Known for stunning beaches and a vibrant mix of cultures, Mozambique's popular tourist destinations include Bazaruto Archipelago, Inhambane, and Maputo.

Despite facing challenges, the country has made significant strides in its development and offers visitors a little something special.

Mozambique is a country with a rich cultural heritage, beautiful landscapes, and abundant natural resources.

Head Carrying in Mozambique

Countries neighbouring Mozambique: South Africa, Swaziland (Eswatini), Zimbabwe, Zambia, Malawi and Tanzania.

Travel Map Mapping Mozambique

Map of Mozambique

Map of Mozambique

In the Middle Ages, Arab traders visited the area; exporting gold from the great Shona kingdom of Zimbabwe out of present-day Beira, then known as Sofala.

Brief History

Vasco da Gama looked in on Mozambique in 1498, and set the way for Portuguese expansion.

Mozambique was colonised by the Portuguese in the late 15th century and remained under Portuguese rule until 1975 when it gained independence.

The Portuguese had little interest in the interior, and overpowered the Arab coastal towns in an attempt to control the profitable trade in gold, ivory, and eventually slaves.

This concentration on maritime trade by the Portuguese, and their lack of thought for the outlying land area is the root of Mozambique's infrastructure problems today - civil war didn't help either.

Portugal failed with its colonisation incentives to whites, while compelled labour and austere measures also eroded the indigenous economy and culture.

After independence, Mozambique experienced a long and devastating civil war that lasted from 1977 to 1992.


Frelimo launched a guerrilla campaign against the Portuguese, from bases in Tanzania, during the 1960's and the country went from bad to worse.


After Rhodesian independence, South Africa became Renamo's backers.

Only with the collapse of the Soviet bloc and the ending of Apartheid could Frelimo and Renamo get together to formally end the civil war in 1992.

Mozambique Overview

Mozambique is a country located on the south-eastern coast of Africa.

Mozambique borders Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the north-west, Zimbabwe to the west, Eswatini (formerly Swaziland) and South Africa to the south-west, and the Indian Ocean to the east.


Mozambique faces various challenges, including poverty, inadequate healthcare, education, and infrastructure.

Climate change, particularly cyclones and flooding, poses a significant threat to the country; affecting agriculture and exacerbating poverty in vulnerable communities.


Mozambique's economy is based on agriculture, mining, manufacturing, and services.

It is rich in natural resources, including coal, natural gas, titanium, and other minerals.

The country is also known for its agricultural products, such as cashews, cotton, sugar, and citrus fruits.

Tourism is an emerging industry, with its beautiful coastline and national parks attracting visitors.


Mozambique has a diverse geography that includes a long coastline along the Indian Ocean, vast plains, high plateaus, and mountain ranges.

The Zambezi River, one of Africa's major rivers, flows through the country and forms its northern border with Tanzania.

Population and Culture

Mozambique is home to over 30 million people from diverse ethnic groups, including the Makua, Tsonga, Sena, Shona, and many others.

The official language is Portuguese, inherited from the colonial era, but numerous indigenous languages are also spoken.

The country has a rich cultural heritage, expressed through music, dance, art, and traditional rituals.


Mozambique's stunning coastline, with its white sandy beaches, clear turquoise waters, and coral reefs, is a major attraction for tourists.

Popular destinations include the Bazaruto Archipelago, Quirimbas Archipelago, and Tofo Beach.

The country also has national parks like Gorongosa and Niassa Reserve, which offer opportunities for wildlife viewing.

Visiting Mozambique

Mozambique is a beautiful country known for its stunning coastline along the Indian Ocean, diverse wildlife, vibrant culture, and a rich history.

Mozambique Highlights

Mozambique is a diverse and captivating destination that offers a mix of natural beauty, cultural experiences, and outdoor adventures.

Bazaruto Archipelago

This group of islands off the coast is a paradise for beach lovers and water sports enthusiasts.

The crystal-clear waters, white sandy beaches, and colourful coral reefs make it a perfect destination for snorkelling, diving, and sunbathing.

Gorongosa National Park

Located in central Mozambique, Gorongosa National Park is a wildlife conservation area with diverse ecosystems.

Embark on a safari adventure to spot elephants, lions, buffalo, hippos, and numerous bird species.

Ilha de Mozambique

Step back in time by visiting Ilha de Mozambique, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and former capital of the country.

Explore the well-preserved Portuguese colonial architecture, visit the museums, and enjoy the island's picturesque beaches.


Start your journey in the capital city of Maputo, which offers a mix of colonial architecture, bustling markets, and vibrant nightlife.

Visit the Maputo Central Market to experience the local flavours and shop for traditional crafts.

Niassa Reserve

For a more off-the-beaten-path experience, head to the Niassa Reserve in northern Mozambique.

This vast wilderness area is home to elephants, lions, leopards, and a variety of antelope species.

Explore the reserve through guided game drives, boat safaris, or walking safaris.

Quirimbas Archipelago

Another stunning island destination, the Quirimbas Archipelago offers pristine beaches, clear waters, and abundant marine life.

It's a great place for snorkelling, diving, and sailing.

Additionally, the historical town of Ibo Island is worth exploring for its rich heritage.


Located on the banks of the Zambezi River, Tete is known for its coal mining industry and scenic landscapes.

Visit the nearby Cahora Bassa Dam, one of Africa's largest hydroelectric dams, and enjoy water activities such as fishing and boating.

Travel in Mozambique

Although Mozambique's 2,800-km coastline has several good natural harbours, the country's internal infrastructure needs enormous improving.

The rail system is really five separate networks connecting the interior and neighbouring landlocked countries with the ports and coastal towns of Maputo, Beira, Nacala, Inhambane, and Quelimane.

Many of Mozambique's dirt roads become a sludge in the wet season.

The Tete corridor, connecting Malawi with Zimbabwe through north-western Mozambique, was kept open during the civil conflict.


The capital of Mozambique is easily reached from Swaziland.

Map of Maputo

Map of Maputo

Maputo, formerly called Lorenco Marques (after the Portuguese trader who visited the region in 1544), was founded in the late 18th century.

The name Maputo was given after independence.

Things To See In Maputo

The Portuguese built a fortress here, in 1787, while Mousinho de Albuquerque Square is a more modern landmark.

Where to Stay in Maputo

Polana Serena Hotel

Polana Serena Hotel

Polana Serena Hotel: Avenida Julius Nyerere 1380, Maputo, Mozambique.

Built in 1922, this magnificent hotel is one of the best places to stay in Maputo. It's also a great place to meet for a drink and admire the ocean.

Guests at the Polana Serena Hotel loved the pool, great views and spacious rooms.

Hotels in Maputu.


Portuguese Language in Mozambique

A commonwealth of Portuguese-speaking countries was formed on July 17th, 1996, to preserve the Portuguese language, co-ordinate diplomatic efforts, and improve co-operation among its members: Angola, Brazil, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Portugal, and Sao Tome and Principe.

Lonely Planet Portuguese for Travellers

Portuguese for Travellers:
Teach yourself basic Portuguese before you travel to Mozambique.

Mozambique Embassies

Travel Advice for Mozambique

British High Commission in Maputo:
Av Vladimir I Lenine 310, (CP 55) Maputo.

Embassy of Italy in Mozambique:
Av. Kenneth Kaunda 387, Maputo, Mozambique.

Embassy of Mozambique in Washington DC:
1990 M St, NW, Suite 570, Washington, DC 20036.

US Embassy in Maputo:
Avenida Kenneth Kaunda 193, Caixa Postal 783, Maputo.

Mozambique Maps and Travel Guides

Lonely Planet Zambia, Mozambique & Malawi (Travel Guide) Mozambique (Bradt Travel Guides)

Mozambique Travel - Mozambique Maps.

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