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Travel Notes: Travel in General: Maps: Countries: Albania

Albania Travel Notes -- Albania is known as Eagle's Country, Shqip�ri in Albanian. Tiran� is the capital, with Durr�s the country's major port on the Adriatic Sea. Find out more about Albania @ Travel Notes.

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Albania Flag

Albania Flag

The flag of Albania is red with a black two-headed eagle in the centre.

Albania - Republika e Shqiperise

The capital of Albania is Tirana.

Albania - Background Information

Between 1990 and 1992 Albania ended 46 years of xenophobic Communist rule and established a multiparty democracy. The transition has proven challenging as successive governments have tried to deal with high unemployment, widespread corruption, a dilapidated physical infrastructure, powerful organised crime networks, and combative political opponents.

Albania has made progress in its democratic development since first holding multiparty elections in 1991, but deficiencies remain. International observers judged elections to be largely free and fair since the restoration of political stability following the collapse of pyramid schemes in 1997.

In the 2005 general elections, the Democratic Party and its allies won a decisive victory on pledges of reducing crime and corruption, promoting economic growth, and decreasing the size of government. The election, and particularly the orderly transition of power, was considered an important step forward.

Although Albania's economy continues to grow, the country is still one of the poorest in Europe, hampered by a large informal economy and an inadequate energy and transportation infrastructure.

Albania has played a largely helpful role in managing inter-ethnic tensions in south-eastern Europe, and is continuing to work toward joining NATO and the European Union. Albania, with troops in Iraq and Afghanistan, has been a strong supporter of the global war on terrorism.


South-eastern Europe - bordering the Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea; between Greece in the south, and Montenegro and Kosovo to the north.

Administrative Divisions

12 counties:
(qarqe, singular - qark)

Qarku i Beratit; Qarku i Dibres; Qarku i Durresit; Qarku i Elbasanit; Qarku i Fierit; Qarku i Gjirokastres; Qarku i Korces; Qarku i Kukesit; Qarku i Lezhes; Qarku i Shkodres; Qarku i Tiranes; Qarku i Vlores.


28th November, 1912 (from Ottoman Empire).

National Holiday

Independence Day: 28th November.

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