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Travel Notes: Africa - Chad Travel Notes.

Chad Travel Notes

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Chad Travel and Tourism on Travel Notes


Embark on a journey to Chad's untouched landscapes and cultural gems. Uncover travel tips and must-see attractions in our guide to Chad.

About Chad

Chad finds itself locked in the middle of Africa - north central Africa really; another one of those sorry former French colonies, without access to the sea.

While Chad may not be a conventional tourist destination, its hidden wonders offer a unique and off-the-beaten-path experience for those seeking adventure and cultural exploration.

Travellers should be prepared for the challenges of travelling in a remote and less-developed region and consult travel advisories before planning their trip.

Countries neighbouring Chad: Niger, Libya, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon and Nigeria.

Travel Map Mapping Chad

Map of Chad

Map of Chad

Chad is bordered by Libya to the north, Sudan to the east, the Central African Republic to the south, Cameroon and Nigeria to the south-west, and Niger to the west.

The capital of Chad is N'Djamena.

Chad Overview

Chad is a land-locked country in north-central Africa and the fifth largest country on the African continent.

Ethnic Groups

Chad is known for its diverse ethnic groups and cultures, including the Sara, Kanembu, Arabs, and others.


Chad's economy is primarily based on agriculture and livestock, with cotton, cattle, and gum arabic being important exports.


Chad has a varied geography, with the Sahara desert covering much of the north and central regions, and the fertile Chari River valley in the south.

Lake Chad

Lake Chad is shrinking in size, and it is feared the hippos might one day lose their home. In the last ice age the lake was more than ten times its present size.


French and Arabic are the official language in Chads, although many people also speak indigenous languages.

Natural Attractions

Chad has several natural attractions, including the Lake Chad Basin National Park, which is a UNESCO World Heritage site and a major bird-watching destination.

There are also several national parks and wildlife reserves in the country, such as Zakouma National Park, which is home to elephants, giraffes, and lions.


The fifth-largest country in Africa Chad has a population of some 16 million people.

Political Instability

Chad has a complex history of political instability, conflict, and human rights violations.

The country has experienced several armed conflicts, including a long-running civil war in the eastern region.

Chad is also home to a large number of refugees and internally displaced people due to ongoing conflict in neighboring countries.

Despite these challenges, Chad has made progress in recent years, with improved infrastructure and economic growth.

However, much work remains to be done to address the country's development needs and promote peace and stability.

After independence, Chad has had nothing but trouble; as Libyan backed Muslim rebels operated in the north, and drought took its toll on the soil.

Research Before Travelling to Chad

Due to its political instability and Chad's ongoing security issues, it's important to research and stay up-to-date on the current situation in Chad before planning a visit to the country.

Chad Travel

The Tibesti volcanic complex is located half way between Lake Chad and the Gulf of Syrte - in Southern Libya and Northern Chad.

This region makes up a 350 mile triangle in length.

With one of the most painful histories in Africa, Chad is a nation with its foundations built on the precipice of conflict.

Travel Warnings

With Boko Haram terror activities in the south and signs of conflict spilling over from Libya in the north, the British Foreign and Commonwealth Office advise against travel to Chad.

The Hidden Wonders of Chad

While not often considered a mainstream tourist destination, Chad has hidden wonders that can captivate adventurous travellers.

Aloba Arch

Situated in the Ennedi Plateau, Aloba Arch is one of the largest natural arches in the world.

Its striking beauty and the surrounding landscapes make it a fascinating destination for hikers and photographers.

Chad National Museum

Located in N'Djamena, the Chad National Museum showcases the country's cultural heritage.

The museum exhibits a diverse collection of artifacts, including traditional musical instruments, pottery, and archaeological finds; providing insight into Chad's history and cultural diversity.

Chari River

The Chari River flows through the capital city, N'Djamena, and offers a scenic setting for relaxation and recreation.

Visitors can take boat rides along the river, enjoying views of the city and its surroundings.

Ennedi Plateau

The Ennedi Plateau, in north-eastern Chad, is a UNESCO World Heritage site known for its stunning landscapes, rock formations, and ancient cave paintings.

The area is a haven for rock climbers, with towering sandstone pillars and arches creating a surreal and otherworldly atmosphere.

Guelta d'Archei

This is a picturesque oasis in the heart of the Sahara Desert.

Guelta d'Archei is a deep, rocky canyon with a permanent water source that attracts a variety of wildlife, including crocodiles.

The area is a fantastic destination for nature enthusiasts and those interested in observing desert-adapted species.

Lake Chad

Although the lake has faced challenges such as shrinking due to climate change and human activities, Lake Chad remains an important water body in the region.

The lake's shores offer opportunities for birdwatching, fishing, and boat trips, providing a unique perspective on the local way of life.

Nomadic Culture

Chad is home to various ethnic groups, including nomadic populations with distinct cultural practices.

Engaging with these communities provides an opportunity to learn about traditional lifestyles, crafts, and hospitality.

Zakouma National Park

Chad is home to Zakouma National Park, one of the oldest national parks in Africa.

The park is known for its diverse wildlife, including elephants, giraffes, lions, and various bird species.

Visitors can enjoy safari experiences and witness the beauty of the Chadian wilderness.

Getting Around Chad

Chad by Air

Air Tchad (HK) is the national airline and operates flights to Abeche and Sarh, while Air Afrique (RK) and Air France both operate flights from Paris to N'Djamena.

Chad by Road

There's no railway in Chad and travel by road is made almost impossible in the rainy season.

The best time to travel by road is between November and May.


Situated on the Chari River, opposite Nigeria, N'Djamena is Chad's capital and largest city; located in the south-western part of the country.

Map of N'Djamena

Map of N'Djamena

Before 1973 N'Djamena still had the original French name of Fort-Lamy; even though Chad gained full independence from France on August 11th, 1960.

The Great Mosque

N'Djamena's Great Mosque was built in the late 1970s and is a dominant feature of the city.

N'Djamena also has a cathedral built by the French, and some ancient Sao ruins.

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