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Petra, Jordan
Petra, Jordan by Juanma Clemente-Alloza on Unsplash.

Travel Notes: Middle East - Jordan Travel Notes.

Jordan Travel Notes

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Jordan Travel and Tourism on Travel Notes


Explore the rich history of Jordan with a visit to ancient Petra, Jerash, and Umm Qais. Uncover the secrets of the past in its preserved archaeological stories.

About Jordan

Jordan is a country with a rich history, diverse landscapes, and a commitment to stability and development in the Middle East.

Crossing into Jordan from Israel is no longer a problem, and travellers to Jordan would most certainly want to visit Petra, in the south-west of the country.

Countries neighbouring Jordan: Israel, Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia.

Travel Map Mapping Jordan

Map of Jordan

Map of Jordan

Jordan is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south and east, Iraq to the north-east, Syria to the north, and Israel and Palestine to the west.

The capital and largest city of Jordan is Amman.

Jordan Overview

Jordan, officially known as the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, is a country located in the Middle East.

Ancient Civilisations

Historically, Jordan's territory has been inhabited since prehistoric times.

It has been part of various ancient civilisations, including the Canaanites, Ammonites, Edomites, and Nabateans.

The famous archaeological site of Petra, an ancient Nabatean city, is one of Jordan's most renowned attractions.

Cultural Heritage

Jordan is known for its rich cultural heritage and historical sites.

In addition to Petra, other notable attractions include the Roman ruins of Jerash, the Dead Sea, the Crusader castle of Karak, and the desert landscapes of Wadi Rum.

The country also offers opportunities for outdoor activities such as hiking, diving in the Red Sea, and exploring nature reserves like Dana Biosphere Reserve and Ajloun Forest Reserve.


Jordan has a mixed economy with sectors such as tourism, mining, agriculture, and services contributing to its GDP.

The country has made progress in areas of education and healthcare, and its literacy rate is relatively high compared to other countries in the region.

Modern Era

Jordan emerged as a state following the end of the Ottoman Empire and the subsequent Arab Revolt during World War I.

The country gained independence in 1946 and has since developed into a stable monarchy.

King Abdullah II has been the reigning monarch since 1999.


The population of Jordan is predominantly Arab, with Islam being the predominant religion.

The official language is Arabic, and the country's legal system is based on Islamic law and civil law.


Jordan has faced several challenges, including hosting a large number of refugees from neighbouring countries, such as Palestinians, Iraqis, and Syrians.

The country has been praised for its hospitality and efforts in accommodating refugees.

United Nations

Jordan maintains diplomatic relations with various countries around the world and is a member of the United Nations, the Arab League, and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation.


The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan was recognised as a sovereign independent state on March 22nd, 1946; when the British government relinquished its mandate over Transjordan.

The Trans prefix was dropped in the 1950's after King Abdullah formally merged all of Arab-held Palestine with Transjordan, despite strong opposition from other Arab League members, and granted citizenship to West Bank residents.

In 1974, after the Yom Kippur War, Jordan relinquished any claim to the Israeli-occupied West Bank by recognising the Palestine Liberation Organisation as the sole representative of the Palestinian people.

Discover Jordan

Lost cities, Bible stories, untainted heritage, Lawrence of Arabia and much more - Jordan is immersed with romantic associations; a gathering point of diverse cultures and peoples in the dead-centre of Biblical territory.

Jordanian Royal Family - Hashemite Kingdom

The Jordanian royal family claims direct descent from Hashim, the grandfather of the prophet Muhammad, and thus the term Hashemite Kingdom.

His Majesty King Abdullah II bin Al Hussein

His Majesty King Abdullah II bin Al Hussein is the 43rd generation direct descendant of the Prophet Muhammad.

He assumed his constitutional powers as Monarch of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan on February 7th, 1999; the day his father, the late King Hussein, passed away.

Queen Noor

In recognition of her efforts to advance development, democracy, and peace, Queen Noor has been awarded numerous awards and honorary doctorates in international relations, law and humane letters.

Rania Al Abdullah

Born in Kuwait, Rania Al-Yassin married Prince Abdullah on the 10th June, 1993 and became Queen Rainia Al Abdullah of Jordan in 1999.

@QueenRania has over ten million followers on Twitter, where she humbly calls herself 'a mum and a wife with a really cool day job'.

Jordan Tourism

Jordan is a beautiful country located in the Middle East, known for its rich history, ancient ruins, and stunning landscapes.

Popular Destinations in Jordan


Jordan's capital city, Amman, is a vibrant and modern metropolis with a rich historical heritage./p>

Visit the Amman Citadel, Roman Theater, and explore the lively downtown area (Al-Balad) with its traditional markets, shops, and cafes.


Situated on the Red Sea, Aqaba is Jordan's only coastal city.

It offers beautiful beaches, crystal-clear waters, and abundant marine life, making it an excellent destination for snorkelling and diving enthusiasts.

Dead Sea

The Dead Sea is a unique natural wonder that lies at the lowest point on Earth.

Its high salt concentration allows you to float effortlessly on the water's surface.

Don't forget to indulge in a therapeutic mud bath and experience the rejuvenating qualities of the sea's minerals.


Located north of Amman, Jerash is home to one of the best-preserved Roman ruins in the world.

The ancient city boasts impressive architectural wonders, such as the Oval Plaza, Hadrian's Arch, and the stunning South Theatre.


Known as the 'City of Mosaics', Madaba is renowned for its intricate Byzantine and Umayyad mosaics./p>

The highlight is the Madaba Map, a 6th-century mosaic map of the Holy Land located in St. George's Church.


Petra is undoubtedly the most famous tourist attraction in Jordan.

It's an ancient city carved into the red rock cliffs and known as the 'Rose City'.

The iconic Treasury (Al-Khazneh) is a must-see, but don't miss exploring the Monastery (Ad Deir) and other fascinating structures within the archaeological site.

The Baptism Site of Jesus Christ

Jesus left Nazareth, went to Bisan and crossed the Jordan River to the east bank.

He slept his first night near Bela (the region of Fahl), then continued his journey on the eastern side of the Jordan valley until he reached Bethany and went to John for baptism.

Wadi Rum

Wadi Rum is a breathtaking desert landscape with towering sandstone mountains, vast sand dunes, and stunning rock formations.

It's a great place for adventure enthusiasts, offering activities like jeep tours, camel rides, hiking, and even hot air balloon rides.

Amman - The Capital of Jordan

Amman became an important Turkish base during World War I; until the British captured it in September 1918.

Map of Amman

Map of Amman

There are many Roman ruins in the city, from the era when Amman was known as Philadelphia; after the 3rd century BC Egyptian king Ptolemy Philadelphus, who captured the biblical Ammonite city of Rabbah Ammon.

Jordan Experiences

The capital of Jordan is easily accessible from Jerusalem, across the Friendship Bridge.

Where to Stay in Amman, Jordan

Hotels in Amman.


Karak is the most important town of southern Jordan.

This small, busy town at the top of an isolated hill, with a magnificent view of the Dead Sea, boats one of the best- preserved castles in the Middle East; second only to Syria's Crac des Chevaliers.

Variously known throughout history as Qir Heres, Qir Moab, and Hareseth, Karak has been a prized possession of a number of civilisations.

The name of the site in the Hellenistic-Roman-Byzantine periods was Karakmoba 'The Fortress-City of Moab'.

The history of Kerak goes back before Christ. It was on the routes of the ancient caravans more than 2,000 years ago, it played a role in Greek and Roman history, and was known as Kir, Characmoba, and other names, also in the Bible.

Actually, al-Karak is derived from karka, which is Aramaic for 'the walled town or city'.

But it was not until the arrival of the Crusaders, in the 12th century, that Karak reached its full splendour. It is recorded that the Crusader, King Baldwin I of Jerusalem, had the castle built around 1132.

With its location midway between Shobak and Jerusalem, Karak formed part of a great line of Crusader castles stretching from Aqaba to Turkey.

Several battles and decades passed before Saladin conquered the castle, in 1188. Instead of destroying the castle, the Mamluks recognised its importance and decided to strengthen it instead.

Even though the castle was damaged by earthquake and neglected for some time, it can still be seen now that different parts were built in different times.

The city of Karak is today home to around 170,000 people and continues to boast a number of restored 19th century Ottoman buildings, restaurants, places to stay, and the like.

But it is undoubtedly Karak Castle which dominates and acts as a magnet for tourists.


Many travellers now cross the border between Eilat and Al 'Aqabah, and make their way up to Petra from their base on the Gulf of Aqaba.

Petra, Jordan - Copyright Michel, Travel Notes.

When to Visit Petra

Any time of the year is a good time to visit Petra.

Summer is hot but you have the long day to enjoy the city and there are lots of caves to hide from the sun.

Winter is cold, but a cup of Bedouin tea helps.

If you get the chance of seeing Petra getting washed by the rain, you will never forget the colours of the rocks.

The Ancient City of Petra

Carved into the pinkish rock some 2,000 years ago and referred to as Sela in the bible, Petra was the capital of the Nabataean kingdom and an important trading centre between the 4th century BC and the 2nd century AD; until Palmyra took away most of its trade.

Visiting Jordan

Jordan is a safe and welcoming country with friendly locals who are known for their hospitality.

Jordan Tourism

From the enchanting ruthlessness of Wadi Rum, to the turbulent urban center of Amman, and the majestic ruins of civilizations that were once forgotten Jordan is home to countless wonders with stunning views, enchanting accommodations and exquisite cuisine.

A place that once captivated ancient travellers, the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan continues to attract a new generation with its eclectic mix of modernity and tradition.

The Jordanian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities aims to highlight Jordan’s attractions and distinguish Jordan as a unique tourist destination.

Remember to check the latest travel advisories and make necessary arrangements for accommodations, transportation, and tours before your trip.

Jordan Maps and Travel Guides

Lonely Planet Jordan (Travel Guide) The Rough Guide to Jordan

Jordan Travel Guides - Jordan Maps.

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Local weather forecasts for destinations around the Middle East.

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