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Travel to Australia:
Australia tourist information with details about travel to and around the country. Where to stay and what to see is made easier with insider tips and hand-selected Australia links, by dedicated editors and visitors to TravelNotes.org - The Online Guide to Travel.

Map of Australia

Map of Australia.

The capital of Australia is Canberra.

Buy a Map of Australia.

Australia Flag

Flag of Australia

The flag of Australia is blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and a large seven-pointed star in the lower hoist-side quadrant, known as the Commonwealth or Federation Star.

Representing the federation of the colonies of Australia in 1901, the star depicts one point for each of the six original states and one representing all of Australia's internal and external territories.

On the fly half is a representation of the Southern Cross constellation, in white, with one small five-pointed star and four larger, seven-pointed stars.

Australia - Background Information

Aboriginal settlers arrived on the continent from Southeast Asia about 40,000 years before the first Europeans began exploration in the 17th century.

No formal territorial claims were made until 1770, when Capt. James Cook took possession in the name of Great Britain.

Six colonies were created in the late 18th and 19th centuries; they federated and became the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901.

The new country took advantage of its natural resources to rapidly develop agricultural and manufacturing industries and to make a major contribution to the British effort in World Wars I and II.

In recent decades, Australia has transformed itself into an internationally competitive, advanced market economy.

Long-term concerns include pollution, particularly depletion of the ozone layer, and management and conservation of coastal areas, especially the Great Barrier Reef.

Geographically

Oceania - continent between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean.

Administrative Divisions

2 territories:

Australian Capital Territory; Northern Territory.

6 states:

New South Wales; Queensland; South Australia; Tasmania; Victoria; Western Australia.

Dependent Areas

Ashmore and Cartier Islands, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Coral Sea Islands, Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Norfolk Island, Macquarie Island.

Independence

1st January, 1901 (federation of UK colonies).

National Holiday

Australia Day: 26th January.

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