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Luxembourg City, Luxembourg
Luxembourg City, Luxembourg by Cedric Letsch on Unsplash.

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Luxembourg Travel Notes

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Luxembourg Travel and Tourism on Travel Notes


Explore Luxembourg, a captivating country in the middle of Europe, to discover hidden castles, charming villages, lush forests, and scenic valleys.

About Luxembourg

Luxembourg is a small yet vibrant country with a strong economy, cultural diversity, and natural beauty.

Its unique blend of history, languages, and European institutions makes it a fascinating destination to explore.

 Countries neighbouring Luxembourg: Belgium, Germany and France.

Driving Distances in Europe

Driving From Luxembourg.

Travel Map Mapping Luxembourg

Map of Luxembourg

Map of Luxembourg

Luxembourg is bordered by Belgium to the west, Germany to the east, and France to the south.

The capital of Luxembourg is Luxembourg City.

Luxembourg Overview

Luxembourg, officially known as the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a small landlocked country located in Western Europe.

Despite its small size, Luxembourg is known for its rich history, stunning landscapes, and strong economy.

Cultural Heritage

Luxembourg boasts a rich cultural heritage with influences from its neighbouring countries.

The capital, Luxembourg City, is a UNESCO World Heritage site and is famous for its well-preserved fortifications and historic old town.

The country also hosts numerous museums, art galleries, and music festivals throughout the year.


Luxembourg has one of the highest GDP per capita in the world, and its economy is known for its stability and prosperity.

The country has a strong financial sector, with many international banks and financial institutions having their headquarters in Luxembourg City.

It is also a major centre for investment funds.

Other significant sectors include steel, information technology, and logistics.

European Institutions

Luxembourg is a founding member of the European Union, and several key EU institutions are based in the country.

The European Court of Justice, the highest court of the EU, and the European Investment Bank are located in Luxembourg City.

The presence of these institutions has contributed to the country's international importance and multicultural atmosphere.


Luxembourg covers an area of some 2,586 square kilometres, making it one of the smallest countries in Europe.

The Ardennes region in the north is characterized by rolling hills and forests, while the southern part of the country features the beautiful Moselle River Valley.

High Quality of Life

Luxembourg consistently ranks among the top countries in terms of quality of life.

It offers excellent healthcare, education, and infrastructure.

The country has a low crime rate and a well-functioning social security system, contributing to a high standard of living for its residents.


Luxembourg has a long and complex history.

It was founded in 963 and became an independent county in the 10th century.

Over the centuries, Luxembourg experienced various rulers and was part of larger entities such as the Burgundian Netherlands and the Spanish and Austrian Empires.

In 1815, Luxembourg was established as a grand duchy and placed under the rule of the House of Orange-Nassau.

Luxembourg became a sovereign nation with perpetual neutrality, in 1867.


Luxembourg is a trilingual country, with Luxembourgish, French, and German recognised as official languages.

Luxembourgish is the national language and is spoken by the majority of the population.

French is widely used in administration, media, and business, while German is also an important language in the country.

Natural Beauty

Despite its urbanised areas, Luxembourg is renowned for its natural beauty.

The Mullerthal region, often referred to as 'Little Switzerland', offers picturesque landscapes with forests, rocky formations, and winding trails.

The Moselle River Valley is known for its vineyards and charming villages.

There are also several nature parks and hiking trails across the country.

The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg

Luxembourg-Ville is the capital of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.

The old medieval city is built on the rocky Bock Peninsula, between the Alzette and Petrusse rivers.

From the ruins of a Roman settlement, Luxembourg built itself up into a fortress community during the 10th century.

The large fort was no longer needed when Luxembourg became a sovereign nation with perpetual neutrality, in 1867.

During the two World Wars, however, Germany disregarded the country's neutrality by invading and occupying it.

Visiting Luxembourg

Despite its small size, Luxembourg offers a variety of tourist attractions and activities for visitors to enjoy, such as historic districts, bridges, guided tours, wine tastings, and castles.

Luxembourg Highlights

Casemates du Bock

Explore the Casemates du Bock, an intricate network of underground tunnels and fortifications that date back to the 17th century.

This site offers a glimpse into Luxembourg's military history and provides an interesting experience for history enthusiasts.


Echternach, the oldest town in Luxembourg, is worth a visit.

Explore its historic centre, visit the Basilica of Saint Willibrord, and enjoy the pleasant atmosphere of the town.

If you're lucky, you might even catch one of the traditional processions or festivals that take place in Echternach.

Food and Drink

Remember to savor Luxembourg's diverse culinary scene, which combines influences from its neighbouring countries.

Try local specialties like Judd mat Gaardebounen (smoked pork collar with broad beans) or Gromperekichelcher (potato fritters).

Don't forget to sample some Luxembourgish wine or beer as well.


Located at the bottom of a deep ravine below Luxembourg City, Grund is a charming neighbourhood with its medieval houses, narrow streets, and the Alzette River flowing through it.

Take a leisurely walk along the riverside and enjoy the scenic views.

Luxembourg American Cemetery and Memorial

Pay your respects at the Luxembourg American Cemetery and Memorial, located in Hamm.

This site serves as the final resting place for thousands of American soldiers who lost their lives during World War II; including General George Patton, who died in Heidelberg.

It's a solemn and moving place to reflect on the sacrifices made during the war.

Luxembourg City

Start your journey in the capital city of Luxembourg.

The old town, a UNESCO World Heritage site, is a must-visit.

Explore the picturesque streets, visit the Grand Ducal Palace, and stroll along the Chemin de la Corniche, often referred to as the 'Most Beautiful Balcony in Europe', offering panoramic views of the city.

Mullerthal Region

Known as 'Little Switzerland', the Mullerthal Region is famous for its enchanting landscapes of dense forests, rock formations, and picturesque villages.

Hiking trails like the Mullerthal Trail allow you to explore this natural beauty and discover hidden gems along the way, such as waterfalls and unique rock formations.

Vianden Castle

Venture outside of Luxembourg City to visit Vianden Castle, one of the most magnificent castles in Europe.

This well-preserved medieval fortress offers stunning views of the surrounding countryside.

Inside, you can explore various rooms, halls, and exhibits showcasing the castle's history.

Wine Region

Luxembourg is also known for its wine production.

Visit the Moselle Valley, located along the border with Germany, and explore its vineyards, wineries, and charming wine villages.

Take a wine tasting tour to sample some of the excellent wines produced in the region.

Luxembourg Tourism

The Grand Duchy

The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is sometimes called the Gibraltar of the North.

Luxembourg Attactions

Things To See in Luxembourg

The Grand Ducal Palace (built in the1500's) and the 17th-century Gothic Cathedral of Notre Dame are major attractions in Luxembourg.

Visit Luxembourg

Luxembourg City is a lively and bustling capital with a lot of great touristic attractions to visit and a multitude of things to do.

Map of Luxembourg City

Map of Luxembourg City

Where to Stay in Luxembourg:
Suggestions of places to stay in the Grand Duchy.

Nowhere else in Europe you will find such an outstanding mixture of historic sites and contemporary architecture.

The old city of Luxembourg and its fortress has long been a part of the UNESCO World Heritage.

Visitors to Luxembourg will find a small destination at the heart of Europe with deep historical roots, that is constantly evolving and reinventing itself.

Luxembourg News and Weather

Tageblatt is the daily source for the latest news from Luxembourg.

Luxembourg Travel Guides

Belgium and Luxembourg (Travel Guide) DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: Belgium & Luxembourg (Eyewitness Travel Guides)

Luxembourg Travel Guides - Luxembourg Maps.

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