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Plan your perfect Oman adventure with our in-depth travel guide. From the majestic deserts to historic souks, dive into the heart of Oman's rich heritage.

About Oman

Oman, the third-largest country in the Arabian Peninsula, is renowned for its long coastline, high mountains, and rugged canyons.

The Sultanate of Oman welcomes travellers seeking to discover the romantic past of Arabia with genuine friendship and traditional hospitality.

Countries neighbouring Oman: Yemen, Saudi Arabia and UAE.

Travel Map Mapping The Sultanate of Oman

Map of Oman

Map of Oman

Oman, officially known as the Sultanate of Oman, is a country located in the south-eastern part of the Arabian Peninsula in South-west Asia.

Oman has a rich history and a unique blend of modernity and tradition.

Oman Overview

Oman is situated on the Arabian Sea to the south and shares land borders with the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to the north-west, Saudi Arabia to the west, and Yemen to the south-west.

Capital of Oman

The capital city of Oman is Muscat, which is also the largest city in the country.

Muscat is known for its stunning architecture, including the Grand Mosque and the Royal Opera House.

Climate

Oman has a desert climate with hot summers and mild winters along the coast.

Inland areas, especially in the mountains, can experience cooler temperatures.

Culture

Oman has a rich cultural heritage that reflects its history as a maritime and trading nation.

Omani culture is known for its hospitality and traditional values.

The country is also famous for its music, dance, and unique festivals.

Economy

Oman's economy has traditionally relied on oil and gas production, but the government has been working to diversify the economy by investing in sectors such as tourism, manufacturing, and logistics.

The country has made efforts to become a regional hub for trade and commerce.

Education

Oman has made significant investments in education, and there has been a focus on improving literacy rates and the quality of education.

The country has several universities and colleges.

Geography

Oman is known for its diverse geography, which includes deserts, mountains, and a long coastline along the Arabian Sea.

The Hajar Mountains, which run through the northern part of the country, are a prominent feature.

Government

Oman is a monarchy with a Sultan as its head of state.

Sultan Haitham bin Tariq Al Said ascended to the throne in January 2020, following the death of Sultan Qaboos bin Said.

Language

The official language of Oman is Arabic.

English is also widely spoken, especially in business and tourism.

Notable Landmarks

Some of the notable landmarks in Oman include the Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque, Nizwa Fort, Bahla Fort, and Jabal Shams (Oman's highest peak).

The ancient city of Salalah is located in the southern part of the country.

Religion

Islam is the predominant religion in Oman, and the practice of religious freedom is guaranteed by the constitution.

Oman follows the Ibadi sect of Islam, which is distinct from the Sunni and Shia branches.

Tourism

Oman is becoming increasingly popular as a tourist destination due to its natural beauty, historical sites, and welcoming atmosphere.

Tourists visit Oman to explore its wadis (dry riverbeds), historic forts, and pristine beaches.

The country also offers opportunities for activities such as scuba diving, trekking, and camping.

Wildlife

Oman is home to a variety of wildlife, including Arabian leopards, camels, dolphins, and numerous bird species.

Efforts are being made to conserve and protect the country's natural heritage.

Visiting Oman

Visiting Oman can be a memorable experience, as the country offers a diverse range of attractions, from stunning natural landscapes to rich cultural heritage.

Oman Highlights and Travel Tips

Oman's unique blend of history, culture, and natural beauty makes it a compelling destination for travellers seeking a genuine Arabian experience.

Cultural Experiences

Explore traditional Omani culture by visiting local souks (markets), trying Omani cuisine (like shuwa), and experiencing Omani hospitality.

Desert Adventures

Experience the Omani desert by taking a desert safari, riding camels, and even trying your hand at sandboarding.

Dolphin Watching

Take a boat tour in Musandam or along the coast of Oman to witness dolphins and enjoy the pristine waters of the Gulf of Oman.

Dress Code

While Oman is relatively liberal compared to some of its neighbours, it's essential to dress modestly, especially in more conservative areas and when visiting mosques.

Historical Sites

Oman has a rich history, and you can explore it at sites like Nizwa Fort, Bahla Fort, and the UNESCO-listed Bat, Al-Khutm, and Al-Ayn archaeological sites.

Muscat

Start your journey in the capital city of Muscat.

Explore the Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque, the Royal Opera House, and take a walk along the picturesque Mutrah Corniche.

Natural Beauty

Oman is known for its breathtaking natural landscapes.

Don't miss out on the Wahiba Sands, Wadi Shab, Jebel Akhdar (Green Mountain), and the dramatic fjords of Musandam.

Oman's Beaches

Oman has a stunning coastline with beautiful beaches.

Relax and unwind on beaches like Qantab Beach and Yiti Beach.

Omani Hospitality

Omanis are known for their warm hospitality.

Don't hesitate to engage with locals and learn about their traditions and way of life.

Safety

Oman is generally a safe country for tourists, with a low crime rate.

However, like anywhere else, exercise standard precautions and be respectful of local customs.

Travel Seasons

The best time to visit Oman is during the cooler months from October to April, as the summer months can be extremely hot.

Visa Requirements

Check the visa requirements for your country before travelling to Oman.

Depending on your nationality, you may need a visa to enter the country.

Brief History of Oman

Little is known about Oman's pre-Islamic past, although it appears that the country was a source of copper around 2,000 BC.

In about 630 AD, Amr Ibn al-As arrived in Oman with a letter from the Prophet Mohammed to Abd and Jaifar, the two sons of al-Julanda, who at that time ruled Oman jointly. It is said that their embracing of Islam helped them defeat the Persians.

With the arrival of the maritime trade, the Omanis helped to spread the word of Islam deep into Asia.

The Portuguese occupied Masqat in the 16th Century, but after they were expelled in 1650, only the Persians would try to settle in Oman again.

Imam Ahmed bin Said, founder of the present dynasty, expelled the Iranians in 1741, and made Masqat the capital of newly independent Masqat and Oman.

After 1861 the ruler took the title of sultan, and close ties were established with Great Britain.

Imams challenged the rule of the sultan, in the early 20th century, but the backing from Egypt and Saudi Arabia was not enough for them to overthrow him; especially when he had the support of British forces.

In house rivalry, in 1970, resulted in Qabus bin Said toppling his father, Said bin Taimur, and claiming the throne.

The new sultan changed the name of the country from Muscat and Oman to Oman, and then set about unifying the country by liberalising politics and increasing spending on development.

The prosperity that oil brought to Oman also enabled Qabus to build himself a fancy waterfront palace; in the capital, Masqat.

Sultan Qaboos bin Said passed away in early January, 2020.

Muscat

Muscat, founded because of its excellent natural harbour, is the rapidly expanding capital of Oman. Occupied by the Portuguese in the 16th century, many buildings still date from this period.

Map of Muscat

Map of Muscat

Beautiful sandy beaches, and mountain ridges that break up the city into more human sized townships combine to make this a very unusual capital city.

The streets are well laid out and driving on a par with Western Europe.

Muscat Must See Sights

The town of Muscat itself with its flamboyant palace flanked by two medieval forts that overlook the natural harbour.

Don’t miss the excellent museum Bait Zubair, the superb Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque and the very traditional Souq (bazaar) in the nearby town of Muttrah.

You can also enjoy the experience of hassle free shopping wherever you go.

Nizwa

The ancient capital of the interior is dominated by the 17th century tower fort and 9th century castle.

The drive from Muscat takes you beside extraordinarily jagged mountains.

The highlight of Nizwa has to be the Friday market with the crowds of traditionally dressed people doing their weekly shopping that may include the odd live cow or goat.

Rustaq

Set at the base of the stark mountains and surrounded by a vast oasis of date palms this, like many Omani towns, has at its heart a vast fortress that dates to at least 600AD.

Close by is the town of Nakhl with its hot springs and off the tarmac road are many Wadis; the steep canyons that are so typical of Oman.

Salalah

The capital of the southern region of Dhofar, is a popular resort for Gulf tourists escaping the Arabian heat in summer.

The surrounding mountains become the sub-tropical jungle that must the most unusual part of the Arabian Peninsular.

Don’t miss the chance to visit these mountains at any time of year as they have a very spiritual atmosphere. This is enhanced by the tombs of many religious people including, set almost on the peak, that of the Prophet Job -- whose book in the bible still reflects the cattle, goat and camel culture that is found in these mountains today.

During the northern winter Salalah is a quiet, fairly typical, small Arab town.

Sohar

One of the oldest towns in Oman; two hours west of the capital, Muscat.

Sur

The most eastern town in the Arab world is approached from Muscat through the Wahaiba Sand desert, from one side, or an impressive coastal drive (along a rough road) from the other.

This seafaring town still makes the wooden Dhow boats the traditional way - by hand.

Don’t miss the chance to see the giant Green Turtles that nest on beaches in this eastern region.

Visiting Oman

Visa Requirements For Oman

Visitors must have a valid visa to enter Oman. Check for conditions at the local embassy or consulate.

From the UK, Contact:
Consular Section, Embassy of the Sultanate of Oman,
167 Queens Gate, London, SW7 5HE.
Tel: 0171 2250001.

From the USA, Contact:
Consular Section, Embassy of the Sultanate of Oman,
2535 Belmont Road, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20006.
Tel: 202 387-1980.

Omani Travel Tips

Clothing

Visitors to Oman will find themselves in a country where Omani men still wear the traditional white Dishdasha gown and the beautiful Kashmir Mussar turban on their head. But it's the exquisite silver dagger, the Khunjar, that is the most distinctive part of a man's attire.

Omani women clothes are colourful. In the main towns the style, while still very Arabic, is more cosmopolitan than in the interior of the country; where women still wear trousers with fine silver embroidery around the ankle and the equally dramatic knee length tunic.

In the desert edges the women wear that most practical facemask, the Birka, that behind its often golden sheen protect the face from sand blasting and immense heat.

Dressing modestly in this very traditional country, apart from protecting you against the harsh weather, means that you will receive a more positive reception from any Omani you meet.

Both sexes should not wear shorts or revealing tops and women, in particular, should wear a loose long skirt or trousers.

Shopping

A stroll around the souqs is a must. Life in the markets is always interesting, and some of the  khunjars - Omani daggers - are truly exquisite.

The shopkeepers in the souqs have an old world courtesy and if you feel like bargaining you’ll find it's always done with a smile.

Look for souvenirs like Frankincense, the gum of a tree, Omani silver crafts (always check to make certain it is Omani as there are many Indian versions of women’s jewellery), Kashmiri head wear and even men’s or women’s traditional clothing.

If you're interested in Arabic music, Salim Al Araimi is the latest Omani star.

Food and Drink

Within Oman, alcohol is available in the major hotels and restaurants and the standards of food hygiene is as good as can be found in developed nations.

Omanis eat with their hands -- the right hand only -- and are not allowed alcohol; although visitors to Oman may drink in most hotel bars and restaurants. If you're meeting an Omani here, don't offer them a beer.

Tap water is potable and mineral water is also widely available; even in the most remote village.

Changing Money in Oman

Use money changers rather than banks or hotels as the rates are far better and the opening hours are way longer than banks.

Oman Accommodation

Where to Stay in Muscat

In Muscat, the number and variety of hotels is good. Outside of Muscat the choice becomes more limited.

Al Bustan Palace Hotel

Al Bustan Palace

Al Bustan Palace: Muttrah Beach, Muscat, Oman.

Secluded amid an emerald green oasis overlooked by the Al Hajar Mountains, this hotel stands proudly as one of the sultanate's landmarks.

The Al Bustan Palace Hotel in Muscat is among the best in the world and makes up for the sometimes leisurely service with its superb beach setting and very dramatic design.

Crowne Plaza Muscat

Crowne Plaza Muscat

Crowne Plaza Muscat: Qurum Heights, Muscat.

This is the perfect location for a view across the turquoise waters of the Gulf of Oman from a lush clifftop in Qurum Heights.

With a panoramic terrace, infinity pool and private access to Shatti Al Qurm Beach, Crowne Plaza Muscat is the ideal place to relax after exploring the ancient Muttrah Souq and Corniche.

Grand Hyatt Muscat

Grand Hyatt Muscat

Grand Hyatt Muscat: Shatti Al Qurum, Hayy As Saruj, Oman.

Stay in the Heart of Muscat with spectacular views of the majestic Hajar mountains and just steps away from the Arabian Sea.

The Grand Hyatt Muscat embodies the richness of Omani warmth and culture within authentic Arabian architecture.

InterContinental Muscat

InterContinental Muscat

InterContinental Muscat: Al Kharjiya Street, Muscat, Oman.

The hotel sits in 35 acres of palm gardens between the Hajjar Mountains and the pale sand of the Gulf Coast.

Stylish accommodation is taken for granted at the InterContinetal Muscat while the elegant beachfront hotel’s culinary delights offer something fitting for everyone's taste.

Muscat on a Budget

Next to these elegant choices are budget hotels that have comfortable rooms. You can, of course, use the larger hotels for eating out in Muscat.

Muscat on Business

For business travellers the Sheraton Oman Hotel, in downtown Ruwi; Holiday Inn AlSeeb Muscat, close to the government ministries; or the Radisson Blu Hotel Muscat all provide good accommodation for a couple of nights stay.

Hotels in Muscat.

Outside Muscat

Outside Muscat try the Sohar Beach Hotel, in the northern town of Sohar.

Nizwa

The Nizwa Hotel, though set a bit far out of town, is a good hotel.

Surs

The Sur Beach Hotel accommodation is basic but passable for a night.

Salalah

Salalah, in the south, has two good beach hotels - the Holiday Inn or the Hilton Salalah - and a range of small hotels in the main town; the best of which is the Haffa House Hotel, not far from the airport.

Eating Out in Oman

The Grand Hyatt's Tuscany Italian restaurant offers an unusual combination of excellent service, food and ambience; there's even a small Romeo and Juliet style balcony for dining.

Al Bustan's Al Marjan Restaurant is a French restaurant, where the food and ambience is outstanding. It’s possibly the only restaurant in Oman that insists on men wearing a tie.

For a taste of Oman try the Al Bustan's Seblat Al Bustan (on Wednesdays). The live Omani entertainment makes it a very memorable night out.

Restaurants, apart from in the major hotels, tend to offer a standard range of Indian sub-continent food.

Some recommendations include the Golden Oryx with its Mongolian and Chinese cuisine; the Mumtaz Mahal for excellent north Indian food and one of the best views in Oman.

The Pavo Real is Muscat's favourite Mexican themed diner and the do it yourself entertainment, on some nights, can help break down business barriers.

The Curry House offers simple Indian dining with superb food.

The Oasis' Shatti Al Qurm beach location adds to the enjoyment of the freshly prepared food.

If you need a snack, many of the small coffee shops will do a chicken or omelette sandwich in Lebanese bread. Some of them also offer freshly squeezed fruit juices.

Nightlife Centres Around The Hotels

The bars in the Intercontinental and Radisson SAS are very popular but the best entertainment is usually in the Grand Hyatt’s ‘Safari’ club.

The music may not be the latest sounds from Europe, and the alcohol is expensive, but the crowds are usually good natured and fun.

Oman Travel Guides

Lonely Planet Oman, UAE and Arabian Peninsula (Travel Guide) Oman (Bradt Travel Guides)

Oman Travel Guides - Oman Maps.

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