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Following most of Chinese mainland's occupation by Communist
armies, General Chiang Kai-shek moved the Nationalist government of China's headquarters
to T'ai-pei, on December 8, 1949.
Language and Culture, Map of Taiwan, Republic of China, T'ai-nan, Taipei, Taipei
Sightseeing, Taiwan Travel Guides.
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Taiwan was named Formosa (beautiful island) by the Portuguese; the
first Europeans to pay the island a visit, in 1590.
During the 1950s, the United
States vowed to take military action against the Chinese mainland if Communist forces
attacked Taiwan or the Pescadores.
With extended financial and military aid from the US, during the early
1960s, Taiwan was able to build its economy.
The mainlanders who had taken refuge in 1949 continued to dominate the
political stage, but Taiwan was becoming isolated as countries sought to strengthen ties
with the larger market in mainland China.
Neither of the Chinese governments would have formal relations with
any nation recognising the other.
The Democratic Progressive party (DPP) continue to campaign for
Taiwan's independence from mainland China, while Beijing threatens military action if this
The People's Republic of China claim
Taiwan as one of its provinces and some native Taiwanese resent the claims. Posturing and
flexing of navy muscle is not uncommon in the South China Sea.
From the island's tallest building to its tallest peak, Taiwan has something exceptional
to offer every kind of traveller.
Weather in Asia:
Local weather forecasts for destinations around Asia.
You can also call it T'ai-pei or Taibei; whatever, it's the
provisional capital of the Republic of China, or Taiwan.
Located on the Tanshui River, near the north coast of Taiwan, you will
fly into T'aoyuan International Airport.
Immigrants from mainland China's Fujian Province first settled here in
the 18th century, but not a lot was happening.
The Japanese brought sushi to the island between 1895 and 1945, until
they surrendered the island to China after World War II.
Among all the neon light, there are some Buddhist shrines of
interest in Taipei.
The Memorial Hall to Chiang Kai-Shek is a large white marble structure
with an enormous blue-tiled roof, surrounded by an impressive garden.
Museums in Taipei
The National Palace Museum contains Chinese art treasures from the 2nd
millennium BC to the 20th century, and the Hwa Kang Museum has displays of folk and modern
The Chinese pirate, Koxinga, made the city his capital due to its
convenient position on the south-west of the island.
It remained the capital of the island until 1885, when the government
was transferred to T'ai-pei.
No 133 Ta Ying Tsun Hsin Shin.
This European-style hotel, built around a field of beautiful
landscaped gardens, is a tranquil, comfortable and well-equipped establishment with
Internet service in every room.
The official language of Taiwan is Mandarin, although other
Chinese dialects are also spoken.
The Taiwanese are mostly descendants of the Chinese who emigrated from
Fujian and Guangdong provinces during the 18th and 19th centuries.
The Taiwanese celebrate many ancient Chinese customs and holidays,
especially the Dragon Boat Festival, the Mid-Autumn Festival, and the Feast of Lanterns.
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