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The capital of Austria is Vienna.
The flag of Austria is three equal horizontal bands of red (top),
white, and red.
Once the centre of power for the large Austro-Hungarian Empire,
Austria was reduced to a small republic after its defeat in World War I.
Following annexation by Nazi Germany in 1938 and subsequent occupation
by the victorious Allies in 1945, Austria's status remained unclear for a decade.
A State Treaty, signed in 1955, ended the occupation, recognised
Austria's independence, and forbade unification with Germany. A constitutional law that
same year declared the country's 'perpetual neutrality' as a condition for Soviet military
The Soviet Union's collapse in 1991 and Austria's entry into the
European Union in 1995 have altered the meaning of this neutrality.
A prosperous, democratic country, Austria entered the EU Economic
Monetary Union in 1999.
Central Europe - north of Italy and Slovenia.
(Bundeslaender, singular - Bundesland)
Burgenland; Karnten (Carinthia); Niederoesterreich (Lower Austria);
Oberoesterreich (Upper Austria); Salzburg; Steiermark (Styria); Tirol; Vorarlberg; Wien
976 (Margravate of Austria established).
17th September, 1156 (Duchy of Austria founded).
11th August, 1804 (Austrian Empire proclaimed).
12th November, 1918 (republic proclaimed).
National Day: 26th October - Commemorates the passage of the law on
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