Short URL: http://tnot.es/UZ
Uzbekistan was a former republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist
Republics. Together with Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan,
Tajikistan, and Turkmenistan
it forms a region known as Central Asia.
Bukhara, Khiva, Map of Uzbekistan, Samarkand, Tashkent, The Uzbeks, Travel to Uzbekistan, Uzbekistan Tours, Uzbekistan Travel Guides.
Available for Travel
Situated between the Amu Darya and Syr Darya rivers, Uzbekistan is
roughly the size of California and lies at the heart of Central Asia.
Along its borders are Afghanistan to the
south, Turkmenistan to the west and south, Kazakhstan to the north and east and Tajikistan
and Kyrgyzstan to the east.
Much of Uzbekistan is dry desert land (the Kara Kum desert), but it
has rugged mountains and fertile valleys in the east, and irrigation has made much of the
land habitable and productive.
The area has a severe continental climate that is dry and hot in the
summer months and cool and wet in the winter.
Weather in Asia:
Local weather forecasts for destinations around Asia.
Spring and fall are the most comfortable seasons to visit
In the long summer, temperatures often reach 40 degrees Celsius (104
During the short winter, temperatures generally stay above freezing
but in occasions can dip well below.
Buddhism took hold and the Silk Road brought peaceful contact with
the wider world.
Towns grew and the area became rich. In the 6th century AD, Western
Turks rode out of the steppes, bringing Islam and a written alphabet. When they moved on
to greener pastures, Persia took over again, until Genghis Khan and his hordes rolled over
the country. With the rise of the ruthless warrior Timur in the 14th century, Uzbekistan
again rose to prosperity and Samarkand became a glittering Islamic capital thanks to his
patronage of the arts.
Around this time, certain Mongol tribes took the name Uzbek. In the
14th century they began moving south, eventually conquering Timur's empire. By 1510 they
had control of everything from the Amu-Darya to the Syr-Darya, and they have maintained
control ever since. In the early 18th century the khan of Khiva asked Peter the Great of
Russia for aid in defending his land against Turkmen and Kazaks, stirring the first
Russian interest in Central Asia. However, by the time the Russians got around to marching
on Khiva, the khan no longer wanted their help and massacred almost the entire army.
Apart from a few minor forays, the next major Russian excursion was
made in 1839 by Tsar Nicholas I, who was eager to prevent British expansion in the area,
but the mission was not a great success. Twenty-five years later the Russians again made a
serious move on Uzbekistan and by 1875 the region was theirs.
After the 1917 Russian Revolution, the Bolsheviks proclaimed the
Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic of Turkestan, despite the fact that most Central
Asians defined themselves not by country, but as ethnic Turks or Persians. In October
1924, Uzbekistan was declared, although it changed shape and size many times in the
following decades. For rural Uzbeks, Soviet rule meant forced collectivization of their
farms, and a huge shift to cotton cultivation. For the intelligentsia it meant devastating
Compiled with the help of Tashrif
The capital of Uzbekistan, which suffered a major earthquake in
1966, was the largest city of Soviet Central Asia; and it shows.
The Russians built up Tashkent around the old city, and many Russians
still live here.
Malika Tashkent Hotel:
Located 10 minutes drive from Tashkent International Airport, the 27 beautifully designed
rooms provide guests with the atmosphere and warmth of eastern hospitality.
The Stone Fortress.
The real reason to go to Tashkent would be to venture on to Samarkand, Bukhara and Khiva.
Compare Hotel Prices in Uzbekistan
The Uzbeks are a Turkic-speaking people with an Islamic ancestry.
They seem to spend plenty of time in tea houses clutching little birds
in their strong, sun- weathered hands.
Uzbekistan is the state of youth. Children, teenagers and young people under the age of 25
comprise approximately 60% of the total population.
Uzbekistan has an estimated population of 23 million people. Of these,
around 17 million are ethnic Uzbeks, almost two million are Russian, and a slightly
smaller number, Tajik.
The rest of the population is made up of Tatars, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, and
Karakalpaks, along with over 100 other ethnic groups.
Most of the population lives in the eastern and southern part of the
country, particularly the Fergana valley, Tashkent and Samarkand regions.
Language and Culture
Although Uzbek is the official language of Uzbekistan, Russian is also
widely spoken in the cities, particularly among the educated elite and government
The historical towns of Bukhara and Samarkand are primarily Tajik
speaking, and in the countryside, Russian speakers are far less common.
The Uzbeks (as well as the Karakalpaks, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, Turkmens and
Tatars) are a Turkic people and speak a Turkic language.
The language and culture in Uzbekistan also has a strong Persian
Considered a museum in and of itself, Bukhara has more than 140
architectural monuments, dating back to the Middle Ages.
Located in the heart of Bukhara and within walking distance from the ancient Labi Hauz
complex, this family run bed and breakfast type hotel offers comfortable accommodation in
national style. Also arranges camel rides and tours of Bukhara and other ancient cities of
Khiva is divided into the inner town, Ishan-Kala, where about 60
historical monuments are located and Dishan-Kala, the outer town, where citizens of Khiva
live and work.
Malika Khiva Hotel:
Situated near the main Ata Darvaza gates of Ichan Kala, the Malika Khiva is a modern hotel
built and furnished in traditional style. The elegant banqueting hall also serves tasty,
authentic Khorezmian food.
Jahongir Bed and Breakfast:
Chirokchi 4, Samarkand.
Ideal accommodation for those who want to experience an Uzbek national atmosphere, located
in the heart of ancient Samarkand city.
Prime Samarkand Hotel:
Located within easy walking distance of the main historical sites of Samarkand, the
hotel's charm lies in its traditional woodwork design. To add to the oriental flavour,
authentic Uzbek cuisine is also prepared in the hotel's Shakherezada restaurant.
Information about free seats, tariffs, discounts and schedule.
Embassy and Visas:
In general all foreign nationals are required to obtain a visa to enter Uzbekistan.
Travel Guides -
If you find Travel Notes useful, please take a moment to like us on
Facebook and share with your friends on social media.