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Mongolia is also known as Outer Mongolia. Inner Mongolia is the
grasslands region in China.
Getting to Mongolia,
Map of Mongolia,
Mongolia Tour Operators,
Mongolian Language and Culture,
Mongolia Travel Guides,
in South Gobi, The Gobi Desert,
Available for Travel
Countries neighbouring Mongolia are:
Weather in Asia:
Local weather forecasts for destinations around Asia.
The Gobi is located in Mongolia and northern China. A plateau
between higher mountains, the mainly gravel plains is the coldest, most northern desert in
the world. The Gobi is not entirely waterless, and several caravan trails dating
from ancient times cross the Gobi region.
Marco Polo, along with his father and uncle, were the first Europeans
to traverse the Gobi; around 1275.
The best time to visit the Gobi is June or September as temperatures
aren't so hot then.
Most tours of the southern Gobi region are likely to take in some,
or all, of these sights.
Mongolia's tourism season is from May to October because of the difficult climate at other
times of the year. Visiting out of season is not a problem as long as you can tolerate
cold weather, dust storms and difficulties in travelling.
Includes the Gobi Gurvan Saikhan Mountain and a visit to the Yol
The aimag's Museum displays some of the finest examples of Dariganga
craftsmanship, with saddles, knives, silver cups and decorative ropes among the exhibits.
Hongoriin els, or the Hongor Sands, is a giant sand dune stretching
180km long and anything from a couple of hundred meters wide, to as much as 7-20km.
Overnight stays are arranged in a ger camp.
Surrounded by 108 stupas, Erdenezuu monastery has been a place of
Buddhist activity for more than 1000 years. Kharkhorin was the first capital of the
Mongolian Empire, although there's not much to show for it. If you're in Mongolia in July,
don't miss the Karakorum naadam on the 11th - a three-day horse race, wrestling and
archery festival to commemorate Genghis Khan's warriors.
Khorgo Volcano is a dead volcano covered with basalt lying in the east
of the Lake Terkhiin Tsagaan (National Park) in Arhangai aimag.
Known as the Dark Blue Pearl of Mongolia, Lake Khuvsgul is one of the
country's largest and most spectacular protected areas. An ideal location for boating and
horse-riding. Also visit the natural history museum in Moron city.
Visit the Noyon-Uul dead volcano. There's also a chance to observe
Mongolian nomadic life and learn about their traditions.
The Orkhon river is popular for fishing tours. There's also a 20m
high, 10m wide, waterfall - Ulaan tsutgalan. The Baruun huree monastery, also known as
Shankh hiid, is a popular attraction and a visit to a horse breeders family will allow you
the chance to taste the Mongolian's favourite drink, airag (fermented mare's milk).
Open year-round, Terelj Resort is set in a spectacular valley only a
two-hour drive from Ulaanbaatar.
Along with Bayanzag, the area is famous for the findings of dinosaur
eggs and skeletons of giant, prehistoric animals.
Where steppes and desert meet, Tsetserleg is considered Mongolia's
most beautiful aimag (province). You can also visit the Tsenkher hot spa for a relaxing
Travel to Mongolia.
Fossilised dinosaur eggs were discovered in the Gobi during the
American Museum of Natural History sponsored expeditions in the 1920s.
With the fall of Communism, the American Museum were invited back in
the early 1990s. They discovered one of the greatest graveyards that dinosaur
palaeontology has ever known - in the low, brown hills of Ukhaa Tolgod.
Also known as Ulan Bator, the capital of the Republic of Mongolia
is in the Tuul River valley, in the north central region of the country.
Trunk roads connect Ulan Bator to all the major towns in Mongolia, and
by rail to the Trans-Siberian and Chinese railway network.
The city expanded greatly after World War II, with planning aid from
the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).
The broad tree-lined boulevards and squares of the city are lined with
large Neo- Classical buildings.
The city was founded in 1649 as a monastic centre and eventually
became the seat of the Living Buddha.
The Monastery of the Living Buddha, the residence of the nation's
former spiritual leader, is now a museum.
In the mid-19th century, Ulan Bator developed through its position on
the trade route between Russia and China.
The Communist Mongolian People's Republic was established in 1924, and
the city was renamed Ulaanbaatar-- Red Hero, in Mongolian.
Lamaist Buddhism was suppressed by the Communists in 1929, and only
one small monastery remains in Ulaanbaatar.
News headlines from the Mongolian independent English weekly newspaper.
Eating Cheap in Ulan Bator
The guanz is an institution in Mongolia, and especially in
Ulaanbaatar's fast-paced city life. A guanz is a small and inexpensive restaurant that
sells typical Mongolian fare.
US Embassy in Ulaanbaatar.
Mongolia has 21 provinces (aimags in Mongolian),
with the South Gobi Province (Umnugobi aimag) being the largest and most sparsely
Most tourists arrive in Mongolia through Buyant Ukha
airport, 18km south-west of Ulaanbaatar.
International operators serving Mongolia are Aeroflot, Air China, Korean Airlines and MIAT
Flying to Ulaanbaatar
weekly) to Ulaanbaatar, with MIAT Mongolian Airlines.
Ulaanbaatar, with Aeroflot.
Beijing to Ulaanbaatar with
MIAT Mongolian Airlines or Air China.
Osaka to Ulaanbaatar, with
MIAT Mongolian Airlines.
From South Korea
Seoul to Ulaanbaatar, with
MIAT Mongolian Airlines or Korean Airlines.
Mongolia is also a popular stop with travellers on the
Trans-Mongolian, Moscow to Beijing, rail route.
Getting Around Mongolia
Mongolia is a vast country with an infrastructure that
is still developing. Some roads are very poor or not there at all, communication is
testing and accommodation in some areas is very basic.
It is for this reason that many people choose to go on
an organised tour to the southern region; sleeping under canvas, in a typical Ger camp.
Born Temujin, the famous Mongol conqueror's nomad armies conquered
a vast empire from China to Russia, and west through Pakistan to Iran and Iraq.
The young Temujin succeeded his father as tribal chief at the age of
By the time he was in his fifties his ruthlessness earned him the name
Khan. In Chinese genghis means precious warrior and khan is Turkish for lord.
The Mongol ruler's empire was so well arranged that travellers were
said to be able to go from one end of his domain to the other without fear or danger.
His rivals and enemies had no such chance and were massacred as a rite
Kublai Khan, the grandson of Genghis Khan, extended the empire to its
greatest reach in the late 1200s and founded the Yuan dynasty, which lasted until 1368.
Khan: Life, Death and Resurrection
Genghis Khan is one of history's immortals, alive in memory as a scourge, hero, military
genius and demi-god. To Muslims, Russians and westerners, he is a murderer of millions, a
brutal oppressor. Yet in his homeland of Mongolia he is the revered father of the nation,
and the Chinese honour him as the founder of a dynasty.
Secret History of the Mongols:
English edition of the great 13th century historical epic -- the only surviving Mongol
source about the empire. The book is mainly about the life and career of Chinggis Khan,
his ancestors and his rise to power.
The official language of Mongolia is Mongolian; an Altaic language.
Many of the articles on welcome2mongolia were posted in 2009 but are still interesting
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