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The Republic of Mali was a former French colony. Its capital is
Bamako, French Sudan,
Getting Around Mali, Map of Mali, People of Mali, Timbuktu, Tours, Western Sudan.
Countries neighbouring Mali are: Algeria, Niger, Burkina Faso,
Cote d'Ivoire, Guinea, Senegal and Mauritania.
Modern Mali was made part of the French colony of
Haut-Senegal-Niger in 1904, and in 1920 it became the French Sudan.
On January 17, 1959, the French Sudan joined with Senegal to form the Federation of Mali; which proclaimed its
independence on June 20, 1960.
The federation broke up in August. Senegal became a separate state,
and the former French Sudan kept the name of Mali.
Weather in Africa:
Local weather forecasts for destinations around Africa.
In earlier times, Mali was the centre of the great empires of the
western Sudan: Ghana, Mali, and Songhai.
Djenne, Timbuktu, and Gao, were the focus of trade, religious
learning, and culture.
The empire of Mali reached its peak in the early 14th century under
The Songhai Empire of Gao, took over, with kings Sunni Ali and
Askia Muhammad coming to the throne.
The great Songhai Empire was in turn crushed by a Moroccan invasion in
The Dogon tribe, part of the large Mandingo population in
Mali, build their unique villages in cliffs and hilly areas.
Nomadic Tuaregs and other Berbers roam the Sahel and parts of the
Sahara. Some of the armed Tuaregs have been known to rob or kidnap travellers in the north
The official language of Mali is French, but the majority of the
population speak Bambara or other African languages.
Islam is the main religion of Malians, although some people still
follow traditional beliefs.
Directory of websites related to Mali.
The latest from Mali - in French.
Mali by Road
About ten per cent of Mali's 18,000 km of roads are paved.
Mali by Rail
A railway links Koulikoro, Bamako, and Kayes with Dakar, in Senegal.
Mali by Boat
The River Niger, cutting an arc through the southern part of Mali, is
a valuable communication route; connecting the mysterious outpost of Timbuktu with Bamako.
Most of the River Niger, in Mali, is navigable by small steamboats
from July to January. During the rainy season it is also possible to travel down the
Senegal River from Kayes to Saint-Louis, on the Atlantic Ocean.
Mali by Air
Airlines and Airports:
International airports serve Bamako and Mopti. Air Mali is the state airline.
Although little more than a village when it was occupied by French
troops, in 1883, Bamako was an important centre of Muslim scholarship in the Mali Empire.
It became the capital of the colony of French Sudan in 1908 and
continued as the national capital of Mali in 1960.
Today it is the focus of Malian music, and some excellent bands are
staged at the Bamako Station Buffet.
Hotels in Mali:
Find hotels in Mali with special online rates.
Hotels n Bamako
Azalai Grand Hotel:
Bp 104, Quartier du Fleuve, Bamako, Mali.
Experience the warmth and hospitality of West Africa, without
foregoing the services and creature comforts you expect of top-notch hotels, at this
landmark 4-star property; located in the historic heart of Bamako.
Guests at the Azalai Grand Hotel
liked the clean rooms, excellent service and great location.
Compare Hotel Prices in Bamako.
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Tuareg Nomads founded Timbuktu as a seasonal camp on the southern
edge of the Sahara around the year 1100.
Timbuktu became an important end station of trans-Saharan caravans and
a distribution point for trade along the upper Niger when it was part of the Mali Empire,
and a renowned centre of Islamic study in the Songhai Empire.
The city declined in importance after the Moroccans attacked, in 1591,
and commerce was diverted to other cities.
Timbuktu is still best reached by boat or camel; making getting
there something of an adventure in itself.
Mali-based tour operator, with experienced Malian guides who speak English, French and a
variety of local languages, offers sailing on the Niger River; camel caravans into the
Sahara; hiking the Bandiagara escarpment; Timbuktu, Dogon country, Djenne and Mopti.
Travel Guides - Mali
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